Orthodontics deals with the correction of teeth that are misaligned, proclined teeth crowded teeth, spaces between teeth, overlapping teeth and the correction of the dento-facial profile. Orthodontic treatment not only improves the appearance and the way teeth bite together but also makes them easier to clean.
Both Children and adults can undergo orthodontic treatment and there is no specific ‘Correct age’. Orthodontic treatment involves the use of Dental braces to help correct the position of the teeth and straighten them. The patients usually undergo Ortho Investigations before the SPECIALIST decides on the best device that will ensure reaching the goal of treatment.
At Cherians dental Clinic we use modern methods in Orthodontics by using Self Ligatures, Aligners, and Ortho retainers to correct your problems. Tooth colored brackets ( Ceramic Brackets) for better esthetics are also done. These methods not only bring comfort to the patients, but also reduce the time taken for such procedures.
Habit Breaking Appliance.
Habits that are not desirable are Thumb Sucking, Tongue Thrusting, Lip Biting, Nail Biting, mouth breathing and Finger Biting to name a few. Habit breaking appliances are made by dentists to break the habits especially in children. If these habits are allowed to continue, they can result in Gum disease, change in position of the teeth and change in position of the jaws. We provide habit breaking appliances to correct these.
Removable orthodontic appliances
These may be used to treat minor problems, such as preventing thumb sucking or correcting slightly crooked teeth.
The appliance should only be taken out when cleaning, eating, or flossing. Sometimes, the orthodontist may advice the patient to remove them during certain activities, such as playing a wind instrument or cycling.
Examples of removable appliances include:
Aligners: This alternative to braces may be useful for adults. They are virtually unnoticeable by other people, and they can be removed to brush the teeth, floss, or eat. An aligner is used for 2 to 3 weeks, then changed for a tigher one.
Headgear: A strap around the back of the head is attached to a metal wire in the front, or face bow. The aim is to slow down upper jaw growth, and keeping the back teeth in position while the front ones are pulled back.
Lip and cheek bumpers: These are specially made to relieve the pressure of cheeks or lips on the teeth.
Palatal expander: This appliance is designed to make the arch of the upper jaw wider. It consists of a plastic plate with screws that is placed on the palate, or roof of the mouth. The screws put pressure on the joints in the bones, forcing them outward. This expands the size of the area in the roof of mouth.
Retainers: These are used after treatment to stop the teeth from moving back to their original positions. If modified, they may also be used to stop children from sucking their thumbs.
There are two types of removable retainer:
A Hawley retainer is made of metal and acrylic. The acrylic fits on the roof of the mouth and the wire surrounds the anterior teeth.
The other is made of clear plastic. It fits over the teeth and looks like an Invisalign aligner.
Permanent retainers are glued, or bonded, to the back of the teeth. It is usually recommended for lower anterior teeth because of the high risk of reverting back to their former position.
In some cases, orthodontists recommend both a fixed permanent one on the lower anterior teeth and the clear plastic aligner-type which then would fit over the entire lower arch.
At Cherians Dental Clinic, we run the practice at a measured pace to provide uncompromised personal attention.